Recent research

Publication type: Working paper

Title: Electricity subsidy reform in Indonesia: Demand-side effects on electricity use

Author(s): Paul J Burke,Sandra Kurniawati

Excerpt:

Indonesia’s budget has for years been burdened by large subsidies for electricity consumption. A series of recent reforms has delivered a substantial reduction in these subsidies. In this paper we estimate demand-side effects of these reforms on electricity use. Our analysis utilizes a three-dimensional dataset covering six consumer groups, 16 regions, and 1992–2015. We control for various fixed effects, and use an instrumental variable approach.

Date of publication: 2018

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Macroeconomic impacts of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti

Author(s): Rohan Best,Paul J Burke

Excerpt:

In this paper we use the synthetic control method to estimate the macroeconomic losses from the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, one of the most severe natural disasters in the modern era. The macroeconomic effects of the earthquake were equal to an average loss of up to 12 percent of gross domestic product over the period 2010–2015. While surges in imports and foreign aid supported a temporary increase in aggregate consumption, aggregate investment and services-sector output experienced large contractions. The road transport sector was severely affected.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Economic corridors and regional development: The Malaysian experience

Author(s): Prema-chandra Athukorala,Suresh Narayanan

Excerpt:

This paper examines prerequisites for a successful inter-state economic corridor development program in a country with a federal system of government through an in-depth study of the design, implementation and the developmental impact of the Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) in Malaysia that encompasses the states of Penang, Kedah, Perak and Perlis.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: From taxing to subsidizing farmers in China Post-1978

Author(s): Kym Anderson

Excerpt:

This paper has three purposes: to document the pace and extent to which China’s policy regime has transitioned over the past four decades from taxing to subsidizing its farmers relative to its producers of other tradable goods; to present projections of the world economy to 2030 that suggest China will continue to become more food import-dependent under current policies and productivity growth rates; and to explore alternative policy instruments for remaining food secure and ensuring that farmers are not losers from economic growth.

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Bribery, democracy and their impact on governance and welfare: The case of rural India

Author(s): Raghbendra Jha,Hari K Nagarajan,Anirudh Tagat

Excerpt:

Participation in welfare programs, administered by local government (Panchayats) is a significant source of consumption expenditure for households in rural India. In the context of imperfect local governance, we hypothesize that access to such programs may be limited, thus creating incentives for households to bribe in order to gain access. Using a 10-year panel dataset, we jointly estimate determinants of bribes, participation in welfare programs, and consequent change in economic welfare of households. We show that bribing does improve program participation and thence

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: Optimal fiscal equalisation and its application to Australia

Author(s): Chris Murphy

Excerpt:

The first part of this paper develops a theoretical model of fiscal equalisation and uses the model to derive an optimal equalisation formula that has general applicability for federations. If vertical equity is achieved by the central government and horizontal equity by interstate migration, the role of fiscal equalisation is to support an efficient distribution of different labour types across states. The theoretical model draws on Boadway and Flatters (1982) and Albouy (2012), with some Australian-oriented extensions. The resulting optimal

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: The importance of government effectiveness for transitions toward greater electrification in developing countries

Author(s): Rohan Best,Paul J Burke

Excerpt:

Electricity is a vital factor underlying modern living standards, but there are many developing countries with low levels of electricity access and use. We seek to systematically identify the crucial elements underlying transitions toward greater electrification in developing countries. We use a cross-sectional regression approach with national-level data up to 2012 for 135 low- and

Date of publication: 2017

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Publication type: Working paper

Title: The puzzles and contradictions of the Indian labour market: What will the future of work look like?

Author(s): Sher Singh Verick

Excerpt:

Analysing the Indian labour market poses inherent challenges given the country’s size and diversity. Rather than a case of “jobless growth”, India has experienced concentrated employment growth, mainly in urban areas and for men. Women’s participation in the labour force has declined. Some outcomes partly reflect India’s overall level of economic development. At the same time, structural transformation in other countries, including those in the region, has led to greater absorption of workers, particularly women, in manufacturing. Looking at the future of work, the

Date of publication: 2017

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