This paper provides an update on the historical and recent performance of the Indian economy. It reviews India’s growth performance, and the supporting performance of savings and investment, productivity and international trade. It highlights the performance of a dynamic sector (automobiles) and a laggard sector (agriculture) and comments on the structure of income growth in recent times. It also points out emerging constraints on rapid economic growth, e.g., increasing regional and personal inequality, rising unemployment, infrastructural constraints and the fiscal deficit. It assesses the prospects for economic growth in the near term.